Posts tagged: cell

OBJECTIVE: To construct the human aquaporin-4 (AQP4) expressing vector and detect anti-AQP4 antibody in serum of patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). METHODS: RNA was extracted from human glioblastoma and AQP4 cDNA obtained through RT-PCR.The fragment was cloned into the lentiviral expressing vector (iDUET101) and transformed into competent strain Hb101 for later amplification; plasmids were extracted from the amplified positive-bacteria-colony, sequenced and transfected into HEK-293T cells

Growing evidence suggests that interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-17-secreting CD4(+)T (Th17) cells are involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of multiple sclerosis (MS). IL-17-secreting CD8(+) T cells were recently identified as a novel subset of CD8(+)T cells.

Background: Myasthenia gravis (MG) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO, also known as Devic disease) are rare autoimmune disorders, with upper-limit prevalence estimates in the general population of 15 per 100 000 and 5 per 100 000, respectively. To our knowledge, an association between these diseases has not been previously reported.

Background: Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) and its spectrum disorders (NMOSD), which include recurrent transverse myelitis (rTM) and recurrent optic neuritis (rON) are demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system (CNS).

Autoantibodies that target the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are IgG1, a T cell-dependent Ig subclass. However, a role for AQP4-specific T cells in this CNS inflammatory disease is not known

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody is a diagnostic biomarker of NMO

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a neurological disease characterized by optic neuritis and transverse myelitis with long spinal cord lesion. Recently, NMO-IgG, which recognizes the aquaporin-4 (AQP-4), was identified in sera from patients with NMO. AQP-4 is a water channel expressed in astrocytes and ependymal cells throughout the brain and spinal cord

OBJECTIVE: The serum of most neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients contains autoantibodies (NMO-IgGs) directed against the aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channel located on astrocyte foot processes in the perivessel and subpial areas of the brain. Our objectives were to determine the source of central nervous system (CNS) NMO-IgGs and their role in disease pathogenesis. METHODS: Fluorescence-activated cell sorting and single-cell reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction were used to identify overrepresented plasma cell immunoglobulin (Ig) sequences in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of an NMO patient after a first clinical attack

Background Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are severe central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating disorders (CNS IDD) characterized by monophasic or relapsing, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) and/or optic neuritis (ON). A significant proportion of NMOSD patients are seropositive for aquaporin-4 (AQP4) autoantibodies

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a serious idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disorder characterized by acute transverse myelitis and optic neuritis. A significant proportion of NMO patients are seropositive for NMO-IgG, an autoantibody targeting aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channel. Paraneoplastic NMO associated various tumors were recently reported.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is assumed to be immunologically distinct from multiple sclerosis (MS). Adequate studies about cytokines and chemokines in NMO have been lacking.Objective: To investigate the contribution of cytokines/chemokines in the pathogenesis of NMO.Methods: We measured 27 cytokines/chemokines and Th17 cell-associated cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 31 NMO, 29 MS and 18 other non-inflammatory neurological disorders patients. The serum levels of some cytokines/chemokines were also measured.