Posts tagged: inflammatory

Autoantibodies that target the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are IgG1, a T cell-dependent Ig subclass. However, a role for AQP4-specific T cells in this CNS inflammatory disease is not known

In a subgroup of patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), a severe inflammatory demyelinating disorder of autoimmune origin characterized by recurrent attacks of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, a parainfectious pathogenesis may play a central role.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO; Devic’s disease) and the NMO spectrum disorders are idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disorders that affect the central nervous system and have a predilection for optic nerves and spinal cord. The identification of NMO-IgG as a disease-specific marker and aquaporin 4 as the target antigen has renewed interest in NMO.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is assumed to be immunologically distinct from multiple sclerosis (MS). Adequate studies about cytokines and chemokines in NMO have been lacking.Objective: To investigate the contribution of cytokines/chemokines in the pathogenesis of NMO.Methods: We measured 27 cytokines/chemokines and Th17 cell-associated cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 31 NMO, 29 MS and 18 other non-inflammatory neurological disorders patients. The serum levels of some cytokines/chemokines were also measured.

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a rare inflammatory disease. Average age at onset is 35 years