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Anti myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein associated immunoglobulin G (AntiMOG-IgG)-associated neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder with persistent disease activity and residual cognitive impairment

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2017;20:411-3

Lekha Pandit1, Ichiro Nakashima1, Sharik Mustafa1, Toshiyuki Takahashi2, Kimhiko Kaneko2

Antibodies targeting myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) have been recently reported in association with idiopathic inflammatory central nervous system disorders. Initially believed to be a benign disorder, anti MOG-IgG was noted to cause steroid responsive recurrent optic neuritis and isolated longitudinally extensive myelitis. However, there is growing evidence that the disease may be predominantly relapsing, often producing severe visual loss and involving regions other than the spinal cord and optic nerve. We report an adolescent male with an aggressive disease course previously undescribed in anti MOG-IgG-associated disease that left him with residual cognitive dysfunction.