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Safety and Efficacy of Bortezomib in Patients With Highly Relapsing Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder

JAMA Neurol. 2017 Aug 1;74(8):1010-1012. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.1336.

Zhang C1, Tian DC1, Yang CS1, Han B1, Wang J1, Yang L1, Shi FD1,2.

In neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), enhanced plasma cell activity contributes to antiaquaporin-4 autoantibody (AQP4-ab) production.1 Longitudinal data indicate that 25% to 66% of patients with NMOSD who are treated with azathioprine, rituximab, and other immune-modifying therapies still experience relapses.2 Here we assess the safety and efficacy of bortezomib, a selective inhibitor of the 26S proteasome subunit, among patients with highly relapsing NMOSD.

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