Posts tagged: brain

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2017 Jan; 4(1): e311. Yukio Takeshita, MD, PhD, Birgit Obermeier, PhD, Anne C. Cotleur, MS, Simona F. Spampinato, MD, PhD, Fumitaka Shimizu,…

Diffuse and heterogeneous T2-hyperintense lesions in the splenium are characteristic of neuromyelitis optica.

Frederic Blanc1,2,3*, Vincent Noblet4, Barbara Jung1,3, François Rousseau4, Felix Renard2,4, Bertrand Bourre1,2, Nadine Longato1,3, Nadjette Cremel1,3, Laure Di Bitonto1,3, Catherine Kleitz1,3, Nicolas Collongues1,2, Jack Foucher5, Stephane Kremer2,6, Jean-Paul Armspach2, Jerome de Seze1,2 1 Neuropsychology Service, Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, 2 LINC (Cognitive Neurosciences and Imagery Laboratory), UMR 7237, University of Strasbourg and CNRS, Strasbourg, France, 3 CMRR (Memory Resource and Research Centre), Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, 4 LSIIT (Image Science, Computer Science and Remote Sensing Laboratory), UMR 7005, University of Strasbourg and CNRS, Strasbourg, France, 5 INSERM U666, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, 6 Neuroradiology service, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France Abstract Top Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease of central nervous system characterized by optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive acute transverse myelitis.

Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2012 Jan;52(1):19-24.

J Neuroimmunol. 2011 Jul;236(1-2):81-6. Epub 2011 May 31.

Markedly Elevated Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1, Soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 Levels, and Blood-Brain Barrier Breakdown in Neuromyelitis Optica Akiyuki Uzawa, MD; Masahiro Mori, MD, PhD; Saeko Masuda, MD; Satoshi Kuwabara, MD, PhD Arch Neurol. ?2011;68(7):913-917.

Pathogenic T cell responses against aquaporin 4. Pohl M , Fischer MT , Mader S , Schanda K , Kitic M , Sharma R , Wimmer I , Misu T , Fujihara K , Reindl M , Lassmann H , Bradl M . Source Department of Neuroimmunology, Center for Brain Research, Medical University Vienna, Spitalgasse 4, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a water-selective transporter expressed in astrocytes throughout the central nervous system, as well as in kidney, lung, stomach and skeletal muscle.

Multiple sclerosis: pathology and pathogenesis Monday, May 30, 2011, 17:15 – 18:15 The pathology of fulminant neuromyelitis optica with extremely high level of serum anti aquaporin 4 antibody K. Maruyama, M.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe demyelinating syndrome defined principally by its tendency to affect optic nerves and the spinal cord selectively. Asymptomatic brain lesions have recently become a common finding in NMO, and symptomatic brain lesions do not exclude the diagnosis of this entity. The authors describe the case of a 12-year-old girl suffering from an unusually atypical form of NMO in which a brainstem lesion was mistaken for a brainstem glioma

Imaging Immune-Mediated Depression and Cognitive Impairment in Autoimmune Neurologic Diseases: MRS of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Transverse Myselitis Adam I. Kaplin, M.D., Ph.D.

The functional role of ELR-positive CXC chemokines in host defense during acute viral-induced encephalomyelitis was determined. Inoculation of the neurotropic JHM strain of mouse hepatitis virus (JHMV) into the central nervous system (CNS) of mice resulted in the rapid mobilization of PMNs expressing the chemokine receptor CXCR2 into the blood. Migration of PMNs to the CNS coincided with increased expression of transcripts specific for the CXCR2 ELR-positive chemokine ligands CXCL1, CXCL2, and CXCL5 within the brain.