Posts tagged: case

Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2012 Jan;52(1):19-24.

In 1894, Eug?ne Devic (1858–1930) described a 45-year-old female hatter in whom ‘l’autopsie r?v?la l’existence d’un foyer de my?lite aigu? diffuse localis?e ? la r?gion du renflement lombaire et d’une n?vrite optique double bien marqu?e’ … the autopsy showed a focus of acute diffuse myelitis localized to the lumbar enlargement, as well as a distinct bilateral optic neuritis (Devic, 1894 ). He called the condition ‘neuromy?lite optique aig?e’

Hypothermia, Hypotension, Hypersomnia, and Obesity Associated With Hypothalamic Lesions in a Patient Positive for the Anti-aquaporin 4 Antibody: A Case Report and Literature Review. Suzuki K, Nakamura T, Hashimoto K, Miyamoto M, Komagamine T, Nagashima T, Izawa N, Kanbayashi T, Takahashi T, Hirata K. Abstract OBJECTIVE To describe a patient positive for the anti-aquaporin 4 antibody with hypothalamic lesions showing hypothermia, hypotension, hypersomnia, and obesity.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disorder characterized by optic neuritis and acute myelitis. A parainfectious pathogenesis may play a partial role in the development of this disorder.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feature brain damage and clinical manifestations in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients; To investigate the relationship between serum NMO-IgG antibody and NMO brain damage. METHODS: Clinical data of 37 NMO patients and their head and spinal cord MRI by 1.5T superconducting MR scanner, were analyzed; serum NMO-IgG antibody were measured by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: 17 cases were found to have abnormal signals on MRI, which were mainly in the white matter, pons, medulla, ventricle, aqueduct, and around the corpus callosum; According to pathological changes, brain damage can be divided into scattered irregularity (13 cases), fusion (3 cases), multiple sclerosis-like (1 case), with scattered irregularity more common, 5 cases had clinical manifestations of brain damage: somnolence, vomiting, diplopia, visual rotation, 11 cases patients with brainstem damage show positive serum NMO-IgG antibodies

We describe two patients with recurrent longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type I or II (HTLV-I/II) exposure, and with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in one case. HTLV-I/II are well known retroviral agents of myelopathy and B-cell dysfunction in humans.

We report a case of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) with an unusual pattern of remyelination in the spinal cord. A Japanese woman complained of pain and numbness in the left thumb at the age of 36 years

SETTING: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), or Devic’s disease, is a rare acute inflammatory disease characterised by demyelination affecting the spinal cord and optic nerves.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) has been reported to be associated with endocrinopathies, such as amenorrhea, galactorrhea, and diabetes mellitus. However, its association with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is extremely rare.

Background: Although it has been well established that vaccination does not increase the risk of relapse in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), no study on the influence of immunization on neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOsd) has been conducted. As NMO differs from MS in a number of aspects, including its immunopathogenetic mechanisms, vaccination may have some influence on the occurrence of new relapses

OBJECTIVE: To characterize factors that contribute to symptomatic narcolepsy and excessive daytime sleepiness in neuromyelitis optica and multiple sclerosis. SETTING: Japanese university hospitals.

We report on a patient suffering from symptomatic spinal attacks in the form of a paroxysmal “positive” (algetic-tonic) Brown-S?quard syndrome. A cervical cord lesion, presumably inflammatory-demyelinating in origin, was identified as the morphological correlate of these attacks.