mail2

Posts tagged: cell

Clinical Usefulness of Cell-based Indirect Immunofluorescence Assay for the Detection of Aquaporin-4 Antibodies in Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder Eun-suk Kang, M.D.,1 Ju-Hong Min, M.D.,2 Kwang Ho Lee, M.D.,2 and Byoung Joon Kim, M.D.2 Author information ? Article notes ? Copyright and License information ? Go to: Abstract. Background The presence of antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) has been identified as a key characteristic of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system (CNS) disorder. We evaluated the performance of a cell-based indirect immunofluorescence assay (CIIFA) for detecting AQP4 antibodies using antigen prepared with a recombinant AQP4 peptide transfection technique and assessed the usefulness of CIIFA for diagnosis of NMOSD in routine clinical practice.


Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy on Neuromyelitis Optica. Lu Z, Ye D, Qian L, Wu J, Zhu L, Shao Y, Liu Z, Zhang X, Wang Z, Xu Y


Aquaporin-4 Antibodies Are Not Related to HTLV-1 Associated Myelopathy.


Aquaporin 4-specific T cells in neuromyelitis optica exhibit a Th17 bias and recognize Clostridium ABC transporter. Varrin-Doyer M, Spencer CM, Schulze-Topphoff U, Nelson PA, Stroud RM, C Cree BA, Zamvil SS.


Cerebrospinal Fluid BAFF and APRIL Levels in Neuromyelitis Optica and Multiple Sclerosis Patients During Relapse. Wang H, Wang K, Zhong X, Qiu W, Dai Y, Wu A, Hu X. Source Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China


Julien Ratelade 1 , Jeffrey L. Bennett 2 , A


Markedly Elevated Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1, Soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 Levels, and Blood-Brain Barrier Breakdown in Neuromyelitis Optica Akiyuki Uzawa, MD; Masahiro Mori, MD, PhD; Saeko Masuda, MD; Satoshi Kuwabara, MD, PhD Arch Neurol. ?2011;68(7):913-917.


Abstract Autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT) was performed to treat a patient with neuromyelitis optica. We observed that the patient achieved clinical remission after APHSCT during 12 months of follow-up. The patient improved on the expanded disability status scale neurologic assessment and the Scripps neurologic rating scale worksheet scores on follow-up examination compared with baseline.


Research Anti-CD20 B-cell depletion enhances monocyte reactivity in neuroimmunological disorders Klaus Lehmann-Horn , Eva Schleich , Deetje Hertzenberg , Alexander Hapfelmeier , Tania Kuempfel , Nikolas von Bubnoff , Reinhard Hohlfeld , Achim Berthele , Bernhard Hemmer and Martin S Weber ? For all author emails, please log on . Journal of Neuroinflammation 2011, 8 :146? doi:10.1186/1742-2094-8-146 Published: 26 October 2011 Abstract (provisional) Background Clinical trials evaluating anti-CD20-mediated B-cell depletion in multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) generated encouraging results.


Quantification and Functional Characterization of Antibodies to Native Aquaporin 4 in Neuromyelitis Optica Sudhakar Reddy Kalluri, MSc; Zsolt Illes, MD; Rajneesh Srivastava, MSc; Bruce Cree, MD; Til Menge, MD; Jeffrey L. Bennett, MD, PhD; Achim Berthele, MD; Bernhard Hemmer, MD Arch Neurol.


BACKGROUND: The role of different chemokine receptors in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been extensively investigated; however, little is known about the difference in the role of chemokine receptors between the pathogenesis of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and MS. Therefore, we examined the expression of chemokine receptors on peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in MS and NMO. METHODS: We used flow cytometry to analyse lymphocyte subsets in 12 patients with relapsing NMO, 24 with relapsing-remitting MS during relapse, 3 with NMO and 5 with MS during remission.


The functional role of ELR-positive CXC chemokines in host defense during acute viral-induced encephalomyelitis was determined. Inoculation of the neurotropic JHM strain of mouse hepatitis virus (JHMV) into the central nervous system (CNS) of mice resulted in the rapid mobilization of PMNs expressing the chemokine receptor CXCR2 into the blood. Migration of PMNs to the CNS coincided with increased expression of transcripts specific for the CXCR2 ELR-positive chemokine ligands CXCL1, CXCL2, and CXCL5 within the brain.


NMO News.

Subscribe to get the latest in news about neuromyelitis optica, from advocacy events to research.

No Thanks