Posts tagged: diseases

Anti-aquaporin-4 antibody in Chinese patients with central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating disorders. Long Y, Qiu W, Hu X, Peng F, Lu Z, Wang Y, Yang Y. Source Department of Neurology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China; Department of Neurology, Clinical College, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, 19 Nonglinxia Road, Guangzhou 510080, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China.

Association Between Paroxysmal Tonic Spasms and Neuromyelitis Optica Nida Usmani, MD; Gurdesh Bedi, MD; Byron L. Lam, MD; William A

MS-Related Disorders ID’d by Proteomic Pattern Analysis Last Updated: September 19, 2011. CSF proteomic pattern analysis discriminates among multiple sclerosis-related disorde Proteomic pattern analysis of cerebrospinal fluid analysis using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry distinguishes between similar multiple sclerosis-related disorders, according to a study published online Sept.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate an association between serum B cell activating factor of TNF family (BAFF) levels and anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody titers in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) after rituximab treatment. BACKGROUND: Anti-AQP4 antibodies are present in approximately 70% of NMO patients. Such antibodies are probably pathogenic and the titers are elevated during relapse as compared with those in remission.

Definition (MSH) Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia.

In order to clarify the immunological characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO), we analyzed CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD4(+)CD25(+), CD4(+)CD29(+), and CD8(+)CD11a(high) cells in peripheral blood from patients with MS (16 stable, 6 active) and NMO (15 stable, 7 active), as well as 9 with NMO spectrum, 6 with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), and 13 with other neurological diseases using flow cytometry. Significant decreases in the numbers of CD8(+) CD11a(high) cells were observed in stable and active MS and CIS

Varieties of autoantibodies are known to relate to autoimmune neurological disorders as the diagnostic and therapeutic markers. Some of them affected directly to the pathomechanisms of neurological diseases

Background: A new autoantibody (termed NMO-IgG, or AQP4-Ab) has recently been described in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and its formes frustes, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) and recurrent optic neuritis (rON). However, AQP4-Ab has been found also in patients with co-existing rheumatic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or Sjogren’s syndrome (SS), conditions which are characterized by broad, polyspecific B cell activation