Posts tagged: frequency

Aquaporin-4 Antibodies Are Not Related to HTLV-1 Associated Myelopathy.

Abstract Autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT) was performed to treat a patient with neuromyelitis optica. We observed that the patient achieved clinical remission after APHSCT during 12 months of follow-up. The patient improved on the expanded disability status scale neurologic assessment and the Scripps neurologic rating scale worksheet scores on follow-up examination compared with baseline.

Voiding dysfunction, either urinary incontinence or retention, can have a debilitating effect upon the individual’s daily quality of life. Patients with these conditions often face many challenges in their everyday lives and can become preoccupied with constant trips to the bathroom, fear of leaking episodes and sleepless nights.

Research Anti-CD20 B-cell depletion enhances monocyte reactivity in neuroimmunological disorders Klaus Lehmann-Horn , Eva Schleich , Deetje Hertzenberg , Alexander Hapfelmeier , Tania Kuempfel , Nikolas von Bubnoff , Reinhard Hohlfeld , Achim Berthele , Bernhard Hemmer and Martin S Weber ? For all author emails, please log on . Journal of Neuroinflammation 2011, 8 :146? doi:10.1186/1742-2094-8-146 Published: 26 October 2011 Abstract (provisional) Background Clinical trials evaluating anti-CD20-mediated B-cell depletion in multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) generated encouraging results.

INTRODUCTION: The existence of antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP-4-ab) has identified neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS) as different diseases. Although HLA-DRB1 alleles contribute to MS risk, recent studies suggest that HLA back-ground differs between patients with NMO or MS in non-Caucasians populations

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the role of HLA-DRB1 and -DPB1 alleles in the pathogenesis of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis in Southern Han Chinese. METHODS: Thirty serum anti-aquaporin 4 antibodies (AQP4-Ab)-positive NMO patients, 53 conventional multiple sclerosis (C-MS) patients, and 93 controls (CTLs) were enrolled. The HLA-DRB1 and -DPB1 alleles of the subjects were determined by sequencing-based typing (SBT)

We report cases of Japanese sisters with neuromyelitis optica (NMO).

Objective: To estimate the frequency and prognostic value of NMO-IgG seropositivity in patients presenting with isolated optic neuritis (ON) and no prior neurological events. Background: The aquaporin-4-specific autoantibody, NMO-IgG, is a biomarker for neuromyelitis optica (NMO). We have shown that 38% of patients with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) and 20% of recurrent ON are seropositive and are at high risk for recurrence of ON and myelits

Purpose: Paroxysmal tonic spasms (PTS) are brief, stereotypic, repetitive events of painful dystonic posturing that occur in association with multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). They are a hallmark of central nervous system demyelination and are putatively due to ion channel dysfunction on or adjacent to demyelinated axons

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the characteristics of the linear lesions and longitudinally extensive spinal cord (LESC) lesions in Chinese patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO).