Posts tagged: neuritis

Treatment of optic neuritis by plasma exchange (add-on) in neuromyelitis optica.

Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2012 Jan;52(1):19-24.

Neuromyelitis optica in Japanese sisters.

Analysis of 103 Hungarian patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disease M. Banati, E. Koszegi, P

? NARCOMS Report-2007 Registry Update Optic Neuritis in Multiple Sclerosis ? Neuromyelitis Optica Dean M. Wingerchuk, MD, MSc, FRCP(C) A Historical Perspective on NMO Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), also known as Devic’s disease, was identified more than one hundred years ago as a severe disorder affecting the spinal cord (causing paralysis) and both optic nerves (causing blindness).

Objectives: the aim of our study was to investigate whether the presence of IgG-NMO antibody is associated with a different pattern of response at visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in patients affected by neuromyelites optica spectrum of disorders (NMOsd) with optic neuritis (ON). Methods: we retrospectively studied clinical, immunological and neurophysiological data from 28 patients affected by NMOsd who presented at least one optic neuritis (16 patients bilateral and 12 unilateral).

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a disease of the CNS characterized by severe optic neuritis and longitudinally extended transverse myelitis. Recent studies suggest that anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies, NMO-specific biomarkers, are pathogenic and target AQP4-expressing astrocytes in NMO, although an additional event (T-cell response or infection) should occur for anti-AQP4 antibodies and complements to pass through the blood-brain barrier and cause the CNS lesions

BACKGROUND: There have been few epidemiologic studies on neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and none used the recent 2006 diagnostic criteria. Here we describe the clinical, laboratory, MRI, and disability course of NMO in a French cohort of 125 patients. METHODS: We performed an observational, retrospective, multicenter study.

BACKGROUND: Cases of anti-aquaporin (AQP)-4 antibody-positive familial neuromyelitis optica (NMO) in mothers and daughters are described. PARTICIPANTS: The demographic, clinical, neuroimaging, and anti-AQP-4 antibody status were investigated in four patients from two Asian families with anti-AQP-4 antibody-positive NMO

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) frequently begins with a monofocal episode of optic neuritis or myelitis. A concept named high-risk syndrome (HRS) for NMO has been proposed for patients with monofocal episodes and NMO-IgG antibodies. Objective: To describe HRS patients and compare them with NMO patients

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease associating optic neuritis and myelitis. Recently, several works showed that optical coherence tomography (OCT) should be an interesting method of disease severity.

May 5, 2010 — Devic’s neuromyelitis optica (DNMO) is a demyelinating disease characterized by bilateral visual disturbance and transverse myelopathy. It was first described in 1894 by Eugene Devic [1] in a woman who suffered from a bilateral optic neuritis and acute transverse myelitis. Pathologically, lesions are restricted to the optic nerves and spinal cord, with areas of necrosis of gray and white matter, cavitations, lack of inflammatory infiltrate, vascular hyalinization, and fibrosis [2]