Posts tagged: visual

Treatment of optic neuritis by plasma exchange (add-on) in neuromyelitis optica.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disorder characterized by optic neuritis and acute myelitis. A parainfectious pathogenesis may play a partial role in the development of this disorder.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a CNS demyelinating disease characterized by relatively selective injury to the optic nerves and spinal cord. As the prognosis and treatment differ between NMO and multiple sclerosis (MS), distinguishing these two diseases in patients presenting optic neuritis (ON) is important

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and macular volume in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum patients using optical coherence tomography (OCT). BACKGROUND: OCT can quantify damage to retinal ganglion cell axons and can identify abnormalities in multiple sclerosis and optic neuritis (ON) eyes.

BACKGROUND: There have been few epidemiologic studies on neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and none used the recent 2006 diagnostic criteria. Here we describe the clinical, laboratory, MRI, and disability course of NMO in a French cohort of 125 patients. METHODS: We performed an observational, retrospective, multicenter study.

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a recurring inflammatory neurological disease characterized by severe optic neuritis and myelitis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) is correlated with the clinical presentations in patients with NMO and to determine the clinical factors that lead to poor visual outcomes. METHODS: Thirty-five eyes of 18 patients with the NMO spectrum and 28 eyes of 14 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) were studied.

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, optimal dosing, and monitoring of azathioprine in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). METHODS: This was a chart review and telephone follow-up study of 99 patients with NMO spectrum of disorders (NMOSD) treated with azathioprine (1994-2009). NMOSD were NMO (2006 diagnostic criteria) or partial NMO forms (NMO-immunoglobulin G seropositive)

BACKGROUND: Severe visual loss is seen in both multiple sclerosis-associated optic neuritis (ON) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-associated ON.

The authors report a case of a 16-year-old girl with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus who developed bilateral acute optic neuritis.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease associating optic neuritis and myelitis. Recently, several works showed that optical coherence tomography (OCT) should be an interesting method of disease severity.

Background: Although it has been well established that vaccination does not increase the risk of relapse in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), no study on the influence of immunization on neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOsd) has been conducted. As NMO differs from MS in a number of aspects, including its immunopathogenetic mechanisms, vaccination may have some influence on the occurrence of new relapses

OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we examined some demographic and clinical features of Turkish LDDD patients and we compared these features with Turkish conventional MS patients, on the basis of demographic, clinical and immunological features. BACKGROUND: So called limited disseminated demyelinating diseases (LDDDs) includes optic neuritis (ON), transverse myelitis (TM), optic-spinal multiple sclerosis (OSMS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). OSMS and NMO select the involvement of optic nerve and spinal cord more than conventional multiple sclerosis (CMS)